1. Rent Control Survey of the City of Honolulu (H. V. Ball, Jr., L. C. Freeman, N. Meller, and D. S. Yamamura). Honolulu: Legislative Reference Bureau, 1952.
  2. Thirty Years of Research and Theory in Social Mobility (R. W. Mack, L. C. Freeman and S. Yellin). Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1957.
  3. Local Community Leadership (L. C. Freeman, W. Bloomberg, Jr., S. P. Koff, M. H. Sunshine and T. J. Fararo). Syracuse: Syracuse University College, 1960.
  4. Metropolitan Decision-Making (L. C. Freeman, T. J. Fararo, W. Bloomberg, Jr., and M. H. Sunshine). Syracuse, Syracuse University College, 1962.
  5. The Negro in Syracuse (A. K. Campbell, R. M. Anderson, M. R. Bloom, J. V. Burkhead, L. C. Freeman, S. Sachs, A. R. Schoyen, S. C. Sufrin, J. H. Thompson). Syracuse: Syracuse University College, 1964.
  6. Elementary Applied Statistics. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1965.
  7. Communication Systems and Resources in the Behavioral Sciences (D. Easton, L. C. Freeman, W. E. Schramm and T. A. Sebeok). Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 1967.
  8. Patterns of Local Community Leadership. Indianapolis, Indiana: Bobbs-Merrill and Company, 1968.
  9. Residential Segregation Patterns (L. C. Freeman, M. H. Sunshine). Boston: Schenkman and Company, 1970.
  10. Bibliography on Social Networks. Monticello, Illinois: Council of Planning Librarians, Exchange Bibliographies 1170-1171, 1976.
  11. UCINET 2.0 Microcomputer Package. Irvine, CA: University of California, School of Social Sciences, 1984.
  12. Ucinet: A Microcomputer Package for Network Analysis. (B. MacEvoy and L. Freeman). Irvine, CA: Mathematical Social Science Group, 1987.
  13. Research Methods in Social Network Analysis (L. C. Freeman, D. R. White and A. K. Romney, eds.). Fairfax, VA: George Mason University Press, 1989.
  14. UCINET IV, Version 1.0. User's Guide. (S. Borgatti, M. Everett and L. Freeman). Columbia, SC: Analytic Technologies, 1992.
  15. UCINET IV, Version 1.0. Reference Manual. (S. Borgatti, M. Everett and L. Freeman). Columbia, SC: Analytic Technologies, 1992.
  16. The Development of Social Network Analysis: A Study in the Sociology of Science. Vancouver, BC, Canada: Empirical Press, 2004.
  17. Social Network Analysis. Four Volume Set. London, BC, England: SAGE, 2007.



(Adobe PDF versions of those articles printed in blue may be downloaded by clicking their titles. All the articles and book chapters I've published since 1960 are included, as are the more important of my earlier pieces.)

1. "Homogamy in Inter-ethnic Mate Selection." Sociology and Social Research, 39, 1955, 369-377.

2."Statistical Classification in Anthropology: An Application to Ethnomusicology." (L. Freeman, A. P. Merriam). American Anthropologist, 58, 1956, 464-472.

Reprinted in D. P. McAllester, ed., Readings in Anthropology. New York: Johnson Reprint Corp., 1967.

Reprinted in K. K. Shelemay, Ed., Readings in Ethnomusicology. Hamden, CT: Garland Publishing, 1990.

3. "Teaching Introductory Statistics in the Liberal Arts Curriculum." (L. C. Freeman, D. M. More). American Statistician, 10, 1956, 20-22.

4. "Societal Complexity: An Empirical Test of a Typology of Societies." (L. C. Freeman, R.F. Winch). American Journal of Sociology, 62, 1957, 461-466.

Reprinted as "Comparative Societal Complexity." In R. W. O'Brien, C. C. Schrag, and W. T. Martin, eds., Readings in General Sociology. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1964.

Reprinted as "Societal Complexity." In Y. A. Cohen, ed., Readings in Anthropology. New York: Aldin, 1966.

Reprinted in M. W. Riley and E. E. Nelson, eds., Sociological Observation. New York: Basic Books, 1974.

Reprinted in R. Naroll, F. Naroll, and S. Horan, eds., Cultural Evolution: A Reader in Worldwide Studies. HRAF Press, 1979.

5. "Further New Concepts in Family Sociology." (L. C. Freeman, G. A. Agogino, S. J. Feinhandler, and N. Goldman). Alpha Kappa Deltan, 27, 1957, 16-17.

6. "The Changing Functions of a Folksong." Journal of American Folklore, 70, 1957, 215-220.

Reprinted in K. K. Shelemay, ed., Readings in Ethnomusicology. Hamden, CT: Garland Publishing, 1990.

7. "The Measurement of Opinion and Attitudes." In K. Young, Social Psychology, 3rd ed., rev. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1957.

8. "Sociology and Social Psychology." (K. Young and L. C. Freeman). In H. Becker and A. Boskoff, eds., Modern Sociological Theory in Continuity and Change. New York: Dryden, 1957.

9. "Marriage without Love." In R. F. Winch, Mate Selection. New York: Harper, 1958.

Reprinted in R. F. Winch, R. McGinnis, and H. R. Barringer, eds., Selected Studies in Marriage and the Family. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962.

Reprinted in R. F. Winch and L. W. Goodman, Selected Studies in Marriage and the Family. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1968.

10. "P. A. and Motivation." (S. Sufrin and L. C. Freeman). New York State Purchaser, 30, 1959, 23-24.

11. "Projected Symptoms of Old Age and Present Personal Assessment." (F. N. Arnoff, L. C. Freeman and M. L. Parlegreco). Journal of General Psychology, 62, 1960, 27-41.

12. "Conflict and Congruence in Anthroplogical Theory." Selected Papers of the Vth International Congress of Ethnological and Anthroplogical Sciences, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1960, 93-97.

13. "Invalidity of Indirect and Direct Measures of Attitude Toward Cheating." (L. C. Freeman and T. Ataov). Journal of Personality, 28, 1960, 443-447.

Reprinted in E. Wandt, ed., A Cross Section of Educational Research. New York: David McKay and Company, 1966.

Reprinted in I. Deutscher, ed. Exploring the Relationship Between What Men Say and What They Do. New York: Scott Foresman and Company, 1973.

14. "The Use of Simplified Programming Systems in IBM 650 Data Processing." Behavioral Science, 7, 1962, 117-120.

15. "Locating Leaders in Local Communities." (L. C. Freeman, T. J. Fararo, W. Bloomberg, Jr., and M. H. Sunshine). American Sociological Review, 28, 1963, 791-798.

Reprinted in Maxwell Reprint Series 1, Syracuse University, 1963.

Reprinted in P. E. Mott and M. T. Aiken, eds., The Structure of Community Power: Readings. New York: Random House, 1967.

Reprinted in F. J. Lyden, G. A. Shipman, and M. J. Kroll, eds., Policies, Decisions and Organizations. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1967.

Reprinted in D. G. Dean, ed., Issues in Social Psychology, 1967.

Reprinted in W. D. Hawley and F. M. Wirt, eds., The Search for Power in American Communities. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1968.

Reprinted in L. Gross, O. Gursslin and J. Roach, Stratification in America. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1968.

Reprinted in P. G. Washburn and C. J. Larson, Power Participation and Ideology. New York: David McKay and Company, 1969.

Reprinted in R. G. Braungart, Society and Politics: Readings in Political Sociology. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1971.

16. "Statistical Word Play." (L. C. Freeman, R. Werner). American Statistician, 18, 1964.

17. "Review of Survey Sampling, by L. Kish." Social Forces, 45, 1966, 132-133.

18. "Another Kind of City: A Study of Racial Transition and Property Values." (L. C. Freeman and M. H. Sunshine). In I. Deutscher and E. Thompson, eds., Studies of the Urban Poor. New York: Basic Books, 1967.

19. "Two Problems in Computer Simulation in the Social and Behavioral Sciences." Social Science Information, 10, 1971, 103-109.

20. "A Computer Controlled Experiment on Recency in Probability Learning." Behavioral Science, 16, 1971, 174-179.

Reprinted as Social Science Research Institute Reprint No. 36, University of Hawaii, 1971.

21. "Race and Intra-Urban Migration." (L. C. Freeman and M. H. Sunshine). Demography, 13, 1976, 571-575.

22. "A Further Note on Freeman's Measure of Association." Psychometrika, 41, 1976, 273-275.

23. "A Set of Measures of Centrality Based Upon Betweeness." Sociometry, 40, 1977, 35-41.

24. "Computer Conferencing and Productivity in Science." Transnational Associations, 10, 1977, 434-436.

25. "Segregation in Social Networks." Sociological Methods and Research, 6, 1978, 411-429.

26. "On Measuring Systematic Integration." Connections, 2, 1978, 38-39.

27. "Centrality in Social Networks: I. Conceptual Clarification." Social Networks, 1, 1979, 215-239.

Translated by R. Herrero and published as "La Centralidad en las Redes Sociales: Clarificacion Conceptual." Politica Sociedad, 33, 2000, 131-148.

Reprinted in Social Networks: Critical Concepts in Sociology, ed. John Scott. London: Routledge, 2002.

28. "Expectations in Social Network: The Small World of Bochner, Buker and McLeod Revisited." Connections, 2, 1979, 89-91.

29. "Centrality in Social Networks: II. Experimental Results." (L. C. Freeman, D. Roeder, R. Mulholland). Social Networks, 2, 1980, 119-142.

30. "A Semi-Visible College: Structural Effects on a Social Networks Groups." (L. C. Freeman and S. C. Freeman). In M. Henderson and M. J. MacNoughton, eds., Electronic Communication: Technology and Impacts. AAAS Selected Symposium Series, No. 52. New York: Westview Press, 1980, 77-85.

31. "The Gatekeeper, Pair-Dependency and Structural Centrality." Quality and Quantity, 14, 1980, 585-592.

32. "Q-Analysis and the Structure of Friendship Networks." International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 12, 1980, 367-378.

33. "Social Networks: A Beginner's Bookshelf." Connections, 4, 1981, 6-10.

34. "Russell's Paradox (Part II)." Connections, 4, 1981, 26.

35. "Centered Graphs and the Structure of Ego Networks." Mathematical Social Science, 3, 1982, 291-304.

36. "Spheres, Cubes and Boxes: Graph Dimensionality and Social Network Structure." Social Networks, 5, 1983, 139-156.

Reprinted in Social Networks: Critical Concepts in Sociology, ed. John Scott. London: Routledge, 2002.

37. "Boxicity and the Social Context of Swedish Literary Criticism, 1881-1883--Abstract." Mathematical Social Science, 5, 1983, 236-237.

38. "Turning a Profit from Mathematics: the Case of Social Networks." Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 10, 1984, 343-360.

39. "The Impact of Computer Based Communication on the Social Structure of an Emerging Scientific Specialty." Social Networks, 6, 1984, 201-221.

40. "Boxicity and the Social Context of Swedish Literary Criticism, 1881-1883." Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 9, 1986, 141-149.

41. "Order-based Statistics and Monotonicity: A Family of Ordinal Measures of Association." Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 12, 1986, 49-69.

42. "Eine Anmerkurg zu Rattingers Algorithmus zur Eimittlung von Cliquen." (L. C. Freeman and D. L. Libhart). Zeitschrift fuer Sozialpsychologie, 17, 1986, 119-121.

43. "Words, Deeds and Social Structure: a Preliminary Study of the Reliability of Informants." (L. C. Freeman and A. K. Romney). Human Organization, 46, 1987, 330-334.

44. "Cognitive Structure and Informant Accuracy." (L. C. Freeman , A. K. Romney and S. C. Freeman). American Anthropologist, 89, 1987, 311-325.

45. "Compute Your Network." (A. G. Keul and L. C. Freeman). Social Networks, 9, 1987, 283-284.

46. "On Human Social Intelligence." (L. C. Freeman, S. C. Freeman and A. G. Michaelson). Journal of Social and Biological Structures, 11, 1988, 415-425.

47. "Computer Programs and Social Network Analysis." Connections, 11, 1988, 26-31.

48. "Introduction." (L. C. Freeman, D. R. White, and A. K. Romney). In L. C. Freeman, D. R. White and A. K. Romney, eds., Research Methods in Social Network Analysis. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University Press, 1989, 1-9.

49. "Social Networks and the Structure Experiment." In L. C. Freeman, D. R. White and A. K. Romney, eds., Research Methods in Social Network Analysis. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University Press, 1989, 11-40.

50. "Stochastic Modeling and the Analysis of Structural Data." (D. Straus and L. C. Freeman). In L. C. Freeman, D. R. White and A. K. Romney, eds., Research Methods in Social Network Analysis. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University Press, 1989, 135-183.

51. "How Humans See Social Groups: A Test of the Sailer-Gaulin Models." (L. C. Freeman, S. C. Freeman and A. G. Michaelson). Journal of Quantitative Anthropology, 1, 1989, 229-238.

52. "Estimating Acquaintanceship Volume." (L. C. Freeman and C. R. Thompson). In M. Kochen, ed., The Small World. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing, 1989, 147-158.

53. "Analyzing the Structure of the Centrality-Productivity Literature Created Between 1948 and 1979." (N. P. Hummon, P. Doreian and L. C. Freeman). Science Communication, 11, 1990, 459-480.

54. "Centrality in Valued Graphs: A Measure of Betweeness Based on Network Flow." (L.C. Freeman, S.P. Borgatti and D.R. White). Social Networks, 13, 1991, 141-154.

55. "The Sociological Concept of `Group': An Empirical Test of Two Models." American Journal of Sociology, 98, 1992, 55-79.

56. "The Implications of Social Structure for Dominance Hierarchies in Red Deer (Cervus Elaphus L.)." (L.C. Freeman, S.C. Freeman, A. K. Romney). Animal Behaviour, 44, 1992, 239-245.

57. "Filling in the Blanks: A Theory of Cognitive Categories and the Structure of Social Affiliation." Social Psychology Quarterly, 55,

58. "UCINET IV Network Analysis Software." (S.P. Borgatti, M.G. Everett and L.C. Freeman). Connections, 15, 1992, 12-15.

59. "La Resurrection des Cliques: Application du Treillis Galois." Bulletin de methodologie sociologique, 37, 1993, 3-20.

60. "Using Galois Lattices to Represent Network Data--Abstract." Mathematical Social Sciences, 26, 1993, 100.

61. "A Note on Regular Colorings of Two Mode Data." (L.C. Freeman and V. Duquenne). Social Networks, 15, 1993, 437-442.

62. "Using Galois Lattices to Represent Network Data." (L.C. Freeman and D.R. White). In P.V. Marsden, ed. Sociological Methodology 1993. Oxford: Blackwell, 1993, 127-146.

63. "Finding Groups with a Simple Genetic Algorithm." Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 17, 1993, 227-241.

64. "Group Structure and Group Size among Humans and other Primates." Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 1993, 703-704.

65. "Collecting Data in a Two Dimensional Euclidean Metric Space." Cultural Anthropology Methods, 5, 1994, 10-12.

66. "MAP: A Computer Program for Collecting Network Data." Connections, 17, 1994, 26-30.

67. "Displaying Hierarchical Clusters." Connections, 17, 1994, 46-52.

68. "Interpersonal Proximity in Social and Cognitive Space." (L. C. Freeman and C. M. Webster). Social Cognition, 12, 1994, 223-247.

69. "Suppose You Gave a Survey and Everyone Came." (D. Ruan, W. Zhang, L. C. Freeman, X. Dai and Y. Pan). Cultural Anthropology Methods, 6, 1994, 12.

70. "Un Modele de la Structure des Interactions dans les Groupes." Revue française de sociologie, 36, 1995, 743-757.

71. "ANote on the Ancestral Toronto Home of Social Network Analysis." (L. C. Freeman and B. Wellman). Connections, 18, 1995, 15-19.

72. "Cliques, Galois Lattices, and the Structure of Human Social Groups." Social Networks, 18, 1996, 173-187.

73. "Some Antecedents of Social Network Analysis." Connections, 19, 1996, 39-42.

75. "On the Changing Structure of Social Networks in Urban China." (D. Ruan, L. C. Freeman, X. Dai, Y. Pan and W. Zang) Social Networks, 19, 1997, 75-89.

76. "An International Comparative Study of Interpersonal Behavior and Role Relationships." (L. C. Freeman and D, Ruan). L'Année Sociologique), 47, 1997, 89-115.

77. "Uncovering Organizational Hierarchies" Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory, 3, 1997, 5-18.

78. "Finding an Appropriate Order for a Hierarchy Based on Probabilistic Dominance" (K. A. Jameson, M. C. Appleby and L. C. Freeman) Animal Behaviour, 57, 1999, 991-998.

79. "Exploring Social Structure Using Dynamic Three-Dimensional Color Images" (L. C. Freeman, C. M. Webster and D. M. Kirke) Social Networks, 20, 1998, 109-118.

80. "Visualizing Social Networks" (click on the title to get a pdf version, or click on the following journal name to go to the original on-line journal version) Journal of Social Structure, 1, 2000, (1).

81. "Visualizing Social Groups" American Statistical Association 1999 Proceedings of the Section on Statistical Graphics,2000, 47-54.

82. "Social Network Analysis: Definition and History" In A. E. Kazdan, ed. Encyclopedia of Psychology . New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, Vol. 6, pp. 350-351.

83. "See You in the Funny Papers: Cartoons and Social Networks" Connections,23, 2000, 32-42.

84. "The Impact of Social Context on Interaction Patterns" (C. M. Webster, L. C. Freeman and C. Aufdemberg) Journal of Social Structure, 2, 2001 (1).

85. "Detectando Grupos Sociales en Datos Cuantitativos" In Jorge Gil Mendieta and Samuel Schmidt (eds.) Analisis de redes, aplicaciones en ciencias sociales. Mexico, DF: Instituto de Investigaciones en Matematicas Aplicadas y en Sistemas de la Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 2002.

86. "Finding Social Groups: A Meta-analysis of the Southern Women Data" In Ronald Breiger, Kathleen Carley and Philippa Pattison (eds.) Dynamic Social Network Modeling and Analysis.  Washington, D.C.:The National Academies Press, 2003.

87. "Graphical Techniques for Exploring Social Network Data  In Peter J. Carrington, John Scott and Stanley Wasserman (eds.) Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

88. "Editing a Normal Science Journal in Social Science" Bullitin de Methodologie Sociologique 91,2006,9-19.

89. "Going the Wrong Way on a One-Way Street: Centrality in Physics and Biology." Journal of Social Structure, 9,2 2008 .

90. "Methods of Social Network Visualization." In R. A. Myers (ed.)  Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science.. Berlin: Springer, 2009

91. "The Development of Social Network Analysis—with an Emphasis on Recent Events."  In J. Scott and P. J. Carrington (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis. London: SAGE Publications, 2011.

92. "A Well-Behaved Alternative to the Modularity Index.". arXiv:1108.4658v1 [physics.soc-ph], 2011.

         93. "Social Networks." (U. Brandes, L. C. Freeman and D. Wagner) In R. Tamassia (ed.) Handbook of Graph Drawing and Visualization.  Boca Raton, F:  CRC Press, 2012.